What Is Time Series Forecasting, And How Does It Work?

There are several approaches to time series forecasting. The method known as Prophet combines domain knowledge with external data. The algorithm is flexible, allowing it to adapt to the size and capacity of a market. The time series can be customized to include holidays and other game-changing updates.


Time series forecasting is a technique for predicting the future value of a series of data. For example, if a company records the traffic on its website every hour, it can try to predict the traffic during the next hour. This would be done by using a time series model.

This technique can be used to forecast several different things, including the birth rate in hospitals throughout a city, the number of passengers at a train station, the unemployment rate in a state, the number of rabbits in a breeding season, and the average price of gasoline in a city. While it can be highly accurate, it is not guaranteed to be accurate.


There are several methods for time series forecasting. Some of these methods require a lot of data, while others focus on analyzing already available data. For example, regression analysis to predict future values of variables is an effective method. Another technique that involves time series is interrupted time series analysis, which detects changes in the evolution of a series over time.

Another method is exponential smoothing, which supports seasonality and trend data. It can be used as an alternative to the ARIMA family of models. Holt’s exponential smoothing uses weighted moving averages with exponentially decreasing values. The triple exponential smoothing is more accurate when seasonality is present.


Time series forecasting involves predicting future values from a series of time-indexed data. This can be useful in various contexts, such as weather forecasting, stock market forecasting, and sunspot activity forecasting. However, the forecasted results may change over time, a phenomenon referred to as “concept drift.”

While time series forecasting is a general problem in data science, many disciplines have taken a different approach. The main objective of time series forecasting is to find a mathematical functional form that approximates the generating process and represents the various irregular and regular patterns in the data. This constructed representation can then be used to extrapolate future behavior.

Unfortunately, time series are complex objects, which makes them difficult to handle and analyze. As a result, combining and comparing time series metrics is often complicated, and the data sets can be limited.


There are a variety of tools available for time series forecasting. These tools can be used for many different purposes, including generating forecasts for time series using the ARIMA or ETS models. Some of these tools also provide predictions from multiple groups of time series using the exponential smoothing method. You can use these tools to make your time series forecasting task easier. These tools also help you to find the best time series and forecasting model.

Generally, time series forecasts are used to predict the long-term trend of an indicator or process. This can be helpful for businesses and analysts to understand better and make decisions regarding interest rates or other aspects of their business. This type of forecasting can also be used for marketing purposes.

Python libraries

The Python libraries for time series forecasting provide many facilities to help you analyze time series data and make predictions. The packages have a variety of functions, and they can be used to model multiple time series at a time. However, first, you must know how to properly use the results in decision-making.

A sound Python library for time series forecasting is Darts, which contains various models for predicting time series. It can also backtest different models and combine predictions from multiple models. In addition, the library supports both univariate and multivariate time series and has support for neural networks and probabilistic forecasting models.

Time series forecasting can be challenging to do without the right tools. Fortunately, some open-source Python libraries for time series forecasting make the process as simple as possible. For example, some open-source libraries aim to simplify the process of time-series analysis. It provides a simple and user-friendly way to set up a model and make accurate seasonal and trend data predictions.