Types and How to Avoid Them

Online scams are a growing concern as more people turn to the internet for communication, work, commerce, and entertainment. Scammers take advantage of people’s trust, kindness, and vulnerability. They employ various methods to trick them into giving away their personal information, sending money, or downloading malware. The good thing is that you can protect yourself from falling victim to their schemes if you understand their tactics and stay alert while online.

This article explains nine common types of online scams and how to stay vigilant online to avoid falling victim. 

Common types of online scams

The following are some of the most common types of online scams. Their goal is to trick people into giving away personal information, such as login credentials or financial information:

  1. Phishing scams: These are one of the most common online scams that involve fake emails or websites that appear to be from legitimate companies or organizations.
  2. Dating and romance scams: An online scam where the scammer creates fake profiles on dating sites and builds relationships with unsuspecting victims. 
  3. Social media scams: These scams involve fake accounts or messages on social media platforms, often offering free items or discounts for personal information or money.
  4. Malware scams: Malware scams involve tricking unsuspecting people into downloading malware. This can allow scammers to access sensitive information or take control of the victim’s computer.
  5. Investment scams: These are fake investment opportunities that promise high returns but are actually designed to steal people’s money.
  6. Employment scams: This is a type of online scam where the scammer pretends to be offering jobs or employment opportunities, often requiring the victim to pay upfront fees or to provide personal information.
  7. Lottery scams: Fake notifications of winning a lottery that you didn’t even participate in. It often requires the victim to pay some money first and claim the prize.
  8. Work-at-home scams: These are fake job offers for work-at-home opportunities, that require the victim to pay some money or provide personal information.
  9. Health scams: A health scam is a type of online scam where the scammer claims to provide a health product that prevents certain health conditions. It often requires the victim to pay money or to provide personal information to access it.

How to protect yourself from falling victim to online scams

Here are some things you should do to protect yourself from online scams:

  • Be cautious of unsolicited emails or messages

If you receive an email or message from an unfamiliar source, be cautious. Scammers often send out mass emails or messages, hoping to find victims.  If the email has a link, don’t click on it. The link could be malicious and could compromise your security.

  • Watch out for suspicious websites or emails

If you are directed to a website or receive an email that contains poor grammar, typos, or other obvious mistakes, then that could be an online scam. Legitimate companies and organizations ensure that their websites and communications are professional and well-written.

  • Decline requests for personal information from unknown people

Be cautious of anyone who asks for personal information, especially financial information, over the internet. Legitimate companies and organizations have policies in place to protect your personal information and will not ask for it unless absolutely necessary.

  • Decline requests for money from strangers

Never send money to just anyone who asks for it, especially if you don’t know them well. Scammers often use urgent or emotional language to get victims to send money quickly.

  • Research the company or individual before doing business with them

If you’re considering doing business with a company or individual, research them thoroughly. Look for online reviews about them. Check out their website and ask for references. If you find anything suspicious about them, do not do business with them.

  • Use up-to-date anti-virus software

Anti-virus software can help protect your computer from online scams like malware and other threats. Keep it up to date to ensure that you’re protected.


Always be vigilant and take proactive steps to protect yourself from online scams. Be informed of the various scams that exist and know how to spot and avoid them. Share information about online scams with others and encourage them to protect themselves as well.